10th May: English loves me._Speaking part1

IELTS Speaking Part 1_part 1 is a warm up.

DO:

Give the examiner enough to judge your speaking ability.  2-3 sentences

Pronounce clearly and loudly.

DON’T:

  • Not too long.

eg:  When ask where you lived. you would never tell them the history of your town and a little bit about the architecture.

  • Not too short._ no single word answers, or short phrases.

eg: do you work or study?    – study.       X

Key Skills:

  • Relax.: not really a skill, but one of the main purposes of part1 is to put you at ease.
  • Correct length: remember, not too short, but not too long.
  • Make normal eye contact:  you will not get extra marks for this , but it is polite and will help confidence.
  • Be you: Don’t memorise prepared answers. The examiners will spot this.
  • Prepare: Prepare the common topics.  Just don’t sound like a robot.
  • Treat the examiner like a person, not a tape recorder; This will help you relax and be more confident.

Preparation

  • Make sure you know how to answer basic questions about yourself.
  • Engage in “small talk”: most people have lots of opportunities.
  • Listen to ‘small talk’ on TV, movies, radio etc.

test tips

Listening

  • Carefully read the task: eg: No more than two words/ three words.
  • Then before listening tasks, quickly look through the questions as many as you can.
  • Leave answer sheet aside because Some question may be a little tricky(狡猾的)/ misleading: eg: most people think men take more sports than women, but research show women take sports as many as men.
  • Pay attention to spelling and spell correctly:   eg: my number is 0049 5806. Oh, no, 07
  • Pay attention to single and plural sound: eg: I have a cat. I have cats.

Reading

  • Time distribution 15 – 20 – 25
  • Answer straight on the answer sheet task.
  • questions in order
  • T/F/NG: Avoid, base on common knowledge you think it’s right, but the text don’t say that. you have to judge the answer only by the text. Do not include your own knowledge.
  • Time management: Don’t put too much time on one question. skip it or guess.

Writing

  • Just describe: do not analysis and interpret.
  • pay attention to the trends.
  • don’t use I or we.

writing task2

  • 10 min prepare;  25 min writing; 5 min check;
  • Don’t worry your idea is not new and interesting. It can be as boring as Monday, you need to support it well.

IELTS writing task 1. Vocabulary

Introduction
The chart/table/map:
Describes
Demonstrates
Represents
Illustrates
Shows
Reflects
Gives information about
Provides details of
According to
Conclusion
Overall
To summarise
It can be concluded that
On the other hand
In total
Was reported
Was noted
System of coordinates
Coordinate
Axis
Vertical axis Y
Horizontal axis X
Trend
Table format
Row
Column
Cell
Data
Movement
Go up
Peak
Increase
Rise
Grow
Climb
Jump
Rocket飙升
Go down
Decrease
Drop
Reduce
Decline
Plunge暴跌
Dip
Fall
Trend (upward/downward)
Change direction
Fluctuate
To remain stable
To plateau达到平稳状态
Description
Gradually
Steadily
Sharply
Dramatically
Substantially
Suddenly
Significantly极大地,显著地
Considerably大幅度地
Consistently一向
Rapidly
Little by little
Make up
Account for
Constitute
Marked
Projected
Estimated
Further
Range
Per week/month
Add up to
Pattern
Over the time period
Map – Location
Just outside of
In close proximity
Situated
Located
Surroundings
Vicinity
Remote
Considerable distance
Walking distance

North
South
East
West
North east
South east
North west
South west

Map – Description
Passes through
Crosses
Runs along
Connect
Link to
Was established
Was built
Was replaced by
Rural
Industrial

Main road
Population
Railway
Residential area
City centre
Town
Coast
Countryside
Pedestrian area
Parking area
Housing area


IELTS Speaking Topic # 1- Work

  1. Do you work or study?
    • I graduated a few years ago and I’m now in full time employment.
    • I’m a postgraduate(UK) at Tianjin University. And this is my first year of studies.
  2. What is your job?
    • I’m currently an English teacher working for the British Council in Ho Chi Minh City.
  3. Why did you choose that job?
    • I was previously a lawyer and found it to be really stressful and never had any free time, so after quitting that job I thought teaching might be the complete opposite of being a lawyer, you know not as stressful and more time off.
  4. Are there lots of English teachers in Ho Chi Minh City?
    • Oh yes! There is a such a big demand for English as a second language here and it’s also quite a cheap place to live compared to many other big cities in Asia.
  5. Do you enjoy your job?
    • Most of the time. It’s very rewarding adj.值得做的 to be able to help people every day and the students here are very hardworking adj. and fun to teach, but you sometimes have lessons that do go so well and the money could always be better.
  6. Do you get on(uk 同 get along) well with your co-workers?
    • Yes, fine. I don’t really see work as part of my social life, so I don’t socialise with them, so I suppose I could be more friendly, but it’s just my nature to be a bit colder with colleagues. I think it’s more professional to be that way.
  7. What was your first day at work like?
    • There were lots of teachers starting at the same time as me, 10 I think, so we all had a big induction n. 就职 day. The more senior teachers ran workshops with us to familarise us with the different systems they had and then we went for a team dinner in the evening.
  8. What responsibilities do you have at work?
    • All of the teachers’ main responsibility is to plan good lessons and then teach them to the best of our ability. On top of that we have several admin tasks管理工作 to carry out like mark homework, fill out attendance sheets and write reports.
  9. Would you like to change your job in the future?
    • Yes, as I said before, I like working by myself, so I would like to be my own boss. I’m currently developing my own website, so if it’s successful I will leave teaching and work on it full time. This will also give me more time to work on other projects.
  10. What is your typical day like in work?
    • I normally have 2 or 3 classes in the evening and I start the day by doing all the planning at home. This normally takes between an hour or two depending on the lessons. I then take the rest of the day to spend with my family, before going to work around 3 to print off my materials and then I teach all evening.
  11. What would you change about your job?
    • As with most English teachers, we have to teach what is on the curriculum(全部课程) and this can mean that you are teaching some things that are quite boring or not very useful for your students, so I would like to have more freedom to teach outside the `syllabus教学大纲.
    • curriculum VS `circumstance /ˈsɜː.kəm.stɑːns/ ;  syllabus;

graduate   noun [ C ] UK ​ /ˈɡrædʒ.u.ət/ US ​ /ˈɡrædʒ.u.ət/ 大学毕业生;学士学位获得者
B2 uk a person who has a first degree from a university or college
a Cambridge graduate  剑桥大学毕业生
Chris is a physics graduate.   克里斯是物理专业的毕业生。

postgraduate 研究生
undergraduate 本科生

A2 us informal grad a person who has finished their school, college, or university education 毕业生
high-school graduates 高中毕业生
a graduate of Yale 耶鲁大学毕业生
There are numerous opportunities for young graduates.
graduate verb UK ​ /ˈɡrædʒ.u.eɪt/ US ​ /ˈɡrædʒ.u.eɪt/
graduate verb (EDUCATION)
B2 [ I ] uk to complete a first university degree successfully 取得学士学位;大学毕业
Lorna graduated from Freiburg University. 洛娜毕业于伦敦大学。
Tom has just graduated with first-class honours in psychology. 汤姆刚刚大学毕业,获得心理学一级荣誉学位。
B2 [ I or T ] us to complete school, college, or university successfully 毕业(于)
After he graduated from high school, he joined the Army. 他高中毕业后参军了。

graduate verb (PROGRESS)
[ I ] to move forward or improve 晋升;上升;进展
She graduated from being a secretary to running her own department.
她从秘书的职位晋升到部门主管。


postgraduate noun [ C ] UK ​ /ˌpəʊstˈɡrædʒ.u.ət/ us usually graduate
a student who has already received one degree and is studying at a university for a more advanced degree 研究生
postgraduate adjective [ before noun ] UK ​ /ˌpəʊstˈɡrædʒ.u.ət/  us usually graduate
used to refer to university studies or students at a more advanced level than a first degree    研究生的
postgraduate studies/research 研究生的学习/研究
a postgraduate degree in microbiology 微生物学研究生学位


off adverb (NOT AT WORK)
A2 not at work; at home or on holiday 没上班(的); 在家休息(的),在休假(的)
I’m going to take/have some time off to work on my house. 我打算休假一段时间,整修一下我的房子。
She was off sick last week. 她上星期休病假了。
He’s off at the moment – can I get him to call you back? 他现在不在——要我叫他给你回电话吗?

But in general, I think most people would like to have good pay with more time off.?这个off是啥词性呢?
但是总得来说我想大多数人都乐意有更高的薪水和更长的休息时间。

off  adjective UK ​ /ɒf/ US ​ /ɑːf/
off adjective (STOPPED)
C2 [ after verb ] (of an arranged event) stopped or given up  (安排好的活动)终止的,取消的
The wedding’s off – she’s decided she’s too young to settle down.
婚礼取消了——她觉得自己还太年轻,不想这么早就安定下来。
informal It’s all off (= the relationship is over) between Kim and Mike.菲莉帕和迈克吹了。

off adjective (PROVIDED FOR)
having a particular amount or number, especially of money  (尤指钱)有一定数量的
Andrew must be so well-off (= rich) by now. 安德鲁如今一定很富有了。
I think they’re fairly badly-off (= poor) now that David has lost his job.
既然戴维丢了工作,我想他们现在经济上很窘迫。
uk I’m quite well off for (= have a lot of) sweaters. 我有很多毛衣。
uk How are you off for money? (= do you have enough?) 你有多少钱?
off adjective (BELOW USUAL LEVEL) 
below the usual standard or rate  低于一般标准(的);不如平常(的)
I’m having an off day today – I just can’t seem to do anything right!
我今天状态不佳——好像什么事都做不好!

off adjective (BAD)
B2 [ after verb ] mainly uk (of food and drink) no longer fresh or good to eat or drink because of being too old (食物和饮料)坏了的,不新鲜的,变质的
This milk smells off.这牛奶有馊味了。
I’d better eat this cheese before it goes off.我最好在这块干酪变质之前吃了它。

off adjective (NO LONGER SERVED)
[ after verb ] uk (of food in a restaurant) not available at that particular time(餐馆的食物)售完了的,不供应的
I’m sorry, sir, the salmon is off.先生,很抱歉,鲑鱼卖完了。
off adjective (RUDE)
[ after verb ] uk informal not thinking or worrying about other people’s feelings; rude 漠不关心的,冷漠的,无情的;粗鲁的
He didn’t even call her on her birthday – I thought that was a bit off.
他甚至在她生日那天也没有给她打个电话——我觉得这有点不尽人情。
off  noun [ S ] UK ​ /ɒf/ US ​ /ɑːf/ uk informal
the off  :  the act of leaving somewhere走,离开
Are we ready for the off, then?那么,我们准备好要走了吗?
off verb [ T ] UK ​ /ɒf/ US ​ /ɑːf/ us slang
to kill someone  杀死,干掉
They offed him and dumped his body in the swamp.他们杀死了他,然后把尸体抛弃在沼泽里。


compare  verb [ T ] UK ​ /kəmˈpeər/ US ​ /kəmˈper/
compare verb [ T ] (EXAMINE DIFFERENCES)  vt + sths/ one is compared to/with sth
B1 to examine or look for the difference between two or more things 对比,对照,比较
If you compare house prices in the two areas, it’s quite amazing how different they are.
如果比较一下两个地段的房价,你会惊讶地发现它们的差别竟如此之大。
That seems expensive – have you compared prices in other shops?
那好像很贵——你有没有比较一下其他店里的价格?
Compare some recent work with your older stuff and you’ll see how much you’ve improved.把你近来的作品与以前的对照一下,你就会知道你的进步有多大。
This road is quite busy compared to/with ours.与我们那条路相比,这条路很繁忙。
Children seem to learn more interesting things compared to/with when we were at school.与我们上学时相比,孩子们现在学的有趣的东西似乎更多一些。

compare verb [ T ] (CONSIDER SIMILARITIES) vt + sth to sth/ be compared to sth
to judge, suggest, or consider that something is similar or of equal quality to something else 将…比作;拿…与…相比;认为…和…相似(或不相上下)
The poet compares his lover’s tongue to a razor blade.
诗人把他恋人的舌头比作剃须刀刀片。
Still only 25, she has been compared to the greatest dancer of all time.
她才25岁就被誉为有史以来最伟大的舞蹈家。
People compared her to Elizabeth Taylor.人们把我比作伊丽莎白‧泰勒。
You can’t compare the two cities – they’re totally different.
你不能把这两座城市相提并论——它们完全不同。
does not compare
If something or someone does not compare with something or someone else, the second thing is very much better than the first.不能比,比不上
Instant coffee just doesn’t compare with freshly ground coffee.
速溶咖啡根本比不上现磨的咖啡。
compare favourably
If something compares favourably with something else, it is better than it.比起来要好,比得过
The hotel certainly compared favourably with the one we stayed in last year.
这家酒店当然比我们去年住的那家要好。


get along  (uk also get on)
(BE FRIENDLY) 相处融洽;和睦相处
If two or more people get along, they like each other and are friendly to each other.
I don’t really get along with my sister’s husband.  我和我姐夫不怎么合得来。
(DEAL WITH)
to deal with a situation, usually successfully  (通常指成功地)对付,应付
I wonder how Michael is getting along in his new job?我不知道迈克尔新工作做得如何。


socialize verb uk usually socialise UK ​ /ˈsəʊ.ʃəl.aɪz/ US ​ /ˈsoʊ.ʃə.laɪz/
socialize verb (GO OUT)  参加社交活动,交际
B2 [ I ] to spend time when you are not working with friends or with other people in order to enjoy yourself 
I tend not to socialize with my colleagues. I don’t tend to socialize with my colleagues much.
I hope Adam’s actually doing some work at college – he seems to spend all his time socializing!

They’re content to socialize with a very small circle of people.
We’re usually too tired to socialize during the week.
I’ve been socializing for the last two weeks.
socialize verb (TRAIN) 使合群;使适应社会生活
[ T ] to train people or animals to behave in a way that others in the group think is suitable
Here at the school we make every effort to socialize these young offenders [əˈfendə(r)]罪犯.  在这所特殊学校,我们努力使这些青少年罪犯适应社会生活。


 

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