16th May:

递进: furthermore, moreover, besides, in addition, then,


Cook Cook 2015-06-03 22:48:59
两类连接有区别:moreover添加转折性或否定性评注(an additional negative comment),而inaddition, also, further, furthermore添加肯定性或中性评注(an additional positive or neutral comment). 这不是什么规矩,科技文章中natives却倾向此区别。

10 Characteristics of Good Problem Solvers

Good problem solvers are good thinkers. They have less dramas Cn and problems Cn to begin with and don’t get overly(extremely) emotional when faced with a problem. They usually see problems as challenges Cn. and life experiences 经历Cn and try to stand above them, objectively.

eg: drama n2; face vt. sth/ be faced with sth; overly VS extremely 都= very;

Good problem solvers use a combination of intuition [ɪntjʊ’ɪʃ(ə)n] and logic to come up with their solutions. Intuition has more to do with the emotional and instinctive side of us and logic is more related to our cognition and thinking. Good problem solvers use both of these forces? to get as much information as they can to come up with the best possible solution. In addition, they are reasonably合理的,适度的 open minded but logically skeptical.

eg: a combination of A and B;  intuition and logic n.;  come up with solutions; has to do with在这里等于has something to do with 与…有关; relate to sb/sth; instinctive and emotional 本能和情感; cognition /kɒɡˈnɪʃ.ən/ and thinking认知与思维/思考; reasonably; open-minded; logically skeptical 逻辑上持怀疑态度。

Some of the general characteristics Cn [,kærəktə’rɪstɪks] of good problem solvers are:

1. They don’t need to be right all the time: They focus on finding the right solution rather than wanting to prove they are right at all costs 不惜任何代价.

2. They go beyond their own conditioning条件反射/训练反应: They go beyond a fixated adj.迷恋的 mind set 倾向,习惯 and open up to new ways of thinking and can explore options.

3. They look for opportunity within the problem: They see problems as challenges and try to learn from them.

4. They know the difference between complex and simple thinking: They know when to do a systematic adj.系统的 and complex thinking and when to go through short cuts 近路,捷径and find an easy solution.

complex VS `complicated; cut n.近路,切口,份额。v.很多意思。

5. They have clear definition of what the problem is: They can specifically明确地,详细地 identity the problem.

6. They use the power of words to connect with people: They are socially well developed and find ways to connect with people and try to find happy-middle solutions.

Whether you want to connect with people socially, make a great first impression, or to build connections Cn for work, it can be a bit intimidating adj. 吓人的 to find a way to bond结合 with people, at first. However, if you focus on showing that you really care about the person you’re talking to, make some meaningful conversation, or work on making people feel comfortable, then you’ll be on your way to connecting with anybody without a hitch故障.

7. They don’t create problems for others: They understand that to have their problem solved they can’t create problems for others. Good problems solvers who create fair solutions make a conscious effort not to harm others for a self-interest私利 intention意图. They know such acts will have long term consequences even if the problem is ·temporarily solved.

eg: conscious adj.3 noticing, be conscious of sth; awake; intentional;  ·temporary adj. 临时的,暂时的。

8. They do prevention more than intervention干预: Good problem solvers have a number of skills to prevent problems from happening in the first place. They usually face less drama, `conflict矛盾, and stressful situations since they have clear boundaries, don’t let their rights violated侵犯 and do not violate other people’s rights. They are more of a positive thinker so naturally they are surrounded with more positivity and have more energy to be productive.

eg: prevent sth from doing sth;  `violate v. 违反/侵犯 VS `violence n.暴力,侵犯; positivity; productive;

9. They explore their options: They see more than one solution to a problem and find new and productive ways to deal with new problems as they arise出现. They also have a backup候补的 plan if the first solution does not work and can ask for support and advise when needed.

10. They have reasonable expectations Cn期望: Good problem solvers have reasonable expectations as to关于 what the solution would be. They understand that there are many elements effecting a situation and that idealistic ways of thinking and going about solving a problem will be counterproductive反生产的,使达不到预期目标的,事与愿违的.

eg: production- opposite: unproductive 不生产的,counterproductive适得其反的;

At the end, good problem solvers do not have too many irrational不合理的 fears when dealing with problems. They can visualize the worst case scenario设想, work their way out of it and let go of the fear attached to it. Fear can make your logic and intuition shady and your decisions unproductive.

eg: rational n. 有理数 adj.合理的-  irrational n.无理数,adj.不合理的;

drama    noun UK ​ /ˈdrɑː.mə/ US ​ /ˈdræm.ə/
drama noun (THEATRE)
B1 [ C or U ] a play in a theatre or on television or radio, or plays and acting generally戏剧;话剧;表演
She’s starred担任主角 in several TV dramas. 她演过几部电视剧。
He’s the drama critic for the Times. 他是《泰晤士报》的戏剧评论员。
She studied English and drama at college. 她在大学里学的是英语和戏剧。
used in expressions that refer to the type of play or film 剧
a courtroom drama法庭剧
a historical drama历史剧

His new play is a raw drama about family life.
The show was a wonderful amalgam of dance, music and drama.
drama noun (EXCITEMENT)
B1 [ C ] an event or situation, especially an unexpected one, in which there is worry or excitement and usually a lot of action(尤指突然的)戏剧性场面,戏剧性事件
We had a little drama last night when the oil in the pan caught fire.
[ U ] the excitement and energy that is created by a lot of action and arguments戏剧效果
As a lawyer, he enjoyed the drama of the courtroom. 作为律师,他真的非常喜欢法庭上出现的那种戏剧效果。

to begin with

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