ielts8-test2-L1 to L4

L1

2. first class —–> First Class Movers.少听了一个单词。

5. baseroom —-> bathroom. 没有baseroom这么个单词。we used to keep our towels in.

vocabulary:

  1. towel noun [ C ] UK /taʊəl/ US /taʊəl/ A2 a piece of cloth or paper used for drying someone or something that is wet毛巾;纸巾
    She came downstairs after her shower, wrapped in a towel.她淋浴后裹着毛巾走下楼来。
  2. plates and dishes:dish 和 plate 這兩個字的中文意思常常都譯為「盤子」。dish 可以泛指各式各樣的盤子,所以 plate 也是 dish 的一種,相對來說,plate 就是較淺較平的餐盤

L2

vocabulary注意发音:

  1. exhibit verb [ I or T ] UK /ɪɡˈzɪb.ɪt/ US /ɪɡˈzɪb.ɪt/
    C1 to show something publicly展出,展览;展示
    He frequently exhibits at the art gallery.他经常在艺术馆展出作品。In the summer the academy will exhibit several prints that are rarely seen.该学会将于今年夏天对外展出几幅罕见的版画作品。
  2.  on our huge complexspreading hundreds of hectares.complex noun [ C ] UK /ˈkɒm.pleks/ US /ˈkɑːm.pleks/
    complex noun [ C ] (BUILDING)C1 a large building with various connected rooms or a related group of buildings综合大楼;建筑群
    a shopping/sports and leisure complex购物/运动休闲中心
    us They live in a large apartment complex.他们住在一幢大型的公寓楼里。hectare noun [ C ] UK /ˈhek.teər/ US /ˈhek.ter/
    a unit of measurement of an area of land (10,000 m2)公顷
  3. our remit is to give educational opportunities to …remit n. VT VS merit n. VT; remit noun/ verb [ T ] UK /rɪˈmɪt/ US /rɪˈmɪt/ -tt-
    remit verb [ T ] (REDUCE)uk specialized law to reduce a period of time that someone must spend in prison减刑;减少服刑时间
    She has had part of her sentence判刑 remitted.她得到了减刑。
    His prison sentence was remitted to two years.他的刑期被缩减至两年。
    remit verb [ T ] (SEND)formal to send money to someone汇(款);汇寄;汇付
    He worked as a builder in Chicago and remitted half his monthly wage to his family in the Philippines.他在芝加哥做建筑工,把每月工资的一半寄回在菲律宾的家。
    formal to refer a matter to someone in authority to deal with将…提交(权力部门进行处理)  She remitted the case to a new tribunal for reconsideration.她将这一案件提交给一个新的特别法庭重新审议。
    remit noun [ C usually singular ] UK /ˈriː.mɪt/ US /ˈriː.mɪt/
    the area that a person or group of people in authority has responsibility for or control over职权范围;控制范围;权限
    The remit of this official inquiry is to investigate the reasons for the accident.
    这次官方调查旨在查清事故发生原因。merit noun [ C or U ] UK /ˈmer.ɪt/ US /ˈmer.ɪt/C1 formal the quality of being good and deserving praise优点;价值;功绩
    an entertaining film with little artistic merit一部有趣但艺术价值不高的电影
    Her ideas have merit.她的想法很有价值。merit verb [ T ] UK /ˈmer.ɪt/ US /ˈmer.ɪt/ formal
    C2 If something merits a particular treatment, it deserves or is considered important enough to be treated in that way.值得,应受
    This plan merits careful attention.这项计划值得仔细考虑。The accident merited only a small paragraph in the local paper.这一事故在当地报纸上只有小篇幅报道。
  4. route 路线 VS root. 读音相同。
  5. path noun [ C ] UK /pɑːθ/ US /pæθ/
  6. breed verb UK /briːd/ US /briːd/ bred, bred
    breed verb (REPRODUCE)B2 [ T ] to keep animals for the purpose of producing young animals in a controlled way(为育种目的)饲养
    Terriers are bred for their fighting instincts.交配繁殖梗狗是为了保持它们好斗的本性。His main income comes from breeding cattle.他的主要收入来自养牛。
    well bred 良好繁殖的 VS well-fed 喂养得很好的; breed-bred; feed-fed; 
    [ I ] (of animals) to have sex and produce young animals(动物)交配繁殖
    The blackbird, like most birds, breeds in the spring.乌鸫和大多数鸟一样是在春天繁殖。
    breed noun [ C ] UK /briːd/ US /briːd/B2 a particular type of animal or plant(动植物的)品种,种
    a breed of dog/cat/horse/sheep/cattle某个品种的狗/猫/马/羊/牛.What’s your favourite breed of dog/dog breed?你最喜欢哪种狗?
    informal a type of person(人的)类型,种类
    Arletty was that rare breed of actress – beautiful, sexy and funny.阿列蒂是那种少见的女演员——漂亮、性感、幽默。A new breed of film-maker has taken over Hollywood.新一代电影导演在好莱坞占据了主导地位。Authentic blues singers are a dying breed (= becoming rare) these days.正宗的蓝调歌手近来很少见。
  7. 方位表示:  further east; south to the grazing area; next to … is; in the south-eastern corner is …;
  8. the circular area; rectangle shape;  circular adjective UK /ˈsɜː.kjə.lər/ US /ˈsɝː.kjə.lɚ/B2 shaped like a circle圆形的,环形的
    a circular flowerbed/tablecloth 圆形花坛/桌布
  9. fish farms where we rear fish for sale. rear adj. 后面的,背部的,the rear,  后面,背部。verb UK /rɪər/ US /rɪr/
    rear verb (CARE FOR) C1 [ T ] to care for young animals or children until they are able to care for themselves养育;抚养;饲养
    Some women make a deliberate choice to rear a child alone.一些妇女经过慎重考虑,作出独自抚养孩子的抉择。He describes how these birds rear their young.他描述了这些鸟是如何养育幼鸟的。
  10. migrant birds;migrant noun [ C ] UK /ˈmaɪ.ɡrənt/ US /ˈmaɪ.ɡrənt/a person that travels to a different country or place, often in order to find work移民
    The cities are full of migrants looking for work.城市里到处是寻找工作的移民。
    biology an animal that moves from one place to another at different times of the year迁徙动物
    These birds are winter migrants from Scandinavia.这些鸟是从斯堪的纳维亚迁徙过来的越冬候鸟。
    migrant adjective [ before noun ] UK /ˈmaɪ.ɡrənt/ US /ˈmaɪ.ɡrənt/
    travelling to a different country or place, often in order to find work迁移的
    migrant workers流动工人
    a seasonal migrant population季节性流动人口
    biology moving from one place to another at different times of year(在每一年不同时间)迁徙的
    migrant birds侯鸟
  11. out of bounds: If an area is out of bounds, people are not allowed to go there.(某地)禁止入内
    mainly us sports If the ball is out of bounds, it is not within the playing area.(球)在界外,在球场边线之外
  12.  bicycles which you can hire.
  13. powered from solar cells太阳能电池。
  14. goats 山羊。
  15. broad the gene pool基因库 for agricultural development.
  16. diversity ~~~~ variety;
  17. the arrival of Canada geese; goose 鹅—- pl, geese.
  18. when our fruit trees will in full-blossom.
  19. fisherman 渔民。
  20. orchard 果园。

L3

vocabulary:

  1. insect pests. in today’s seminar; who specialises in identifying insects.
  2. in various states of Australia.
  3. eradicate verb [ T ] UK /ɪˈræd.ɪ.keɪt/ US /ɪˈræd.ɪ.keɪt/ formal
    C2 to get rid of something completely or destroy something bad根除;消灭;杜绝
    The government claims to be doing all it can to eradicate corruption. 政府声称正尽其所能根治腐败。The disease that once claimed millions of lives has now been eradicated.
    这种曾夺去数百万人生命的疾病现在已被根除了。
  4. carry parasites  ~~~~but they’re infested with mites螨 – microscope creatures.      parasite noun [ C ] UK /ˈpær.ə.saɪt/ US /ˈper.ə.saɪt/
    an animal or plant that lives on or in another animal or plant of a different type and feeds from it寄生生物;寄生动物;寄生植物
    The older drugs didn’t deal effectively with the malaria parasite.以前的药物不能有效对付引起疟疾的寄生虫。
    disapproving a person who is lazy and lives by other people working, giving them money, etc.靠他人为生者,寄生虫
    Financial speculators are parasites on the national economy.金融投机者是国民经济的寄生虫。creature noun [ C ] UK /ˈkriː.tʃər/ US /ˈkriː.tʃɚ/
    B1 any large or small living thing that can move independently 生物;动物
    Rainforests are filled with amazing creatures.雨林中满是奇异的生灵。
    Don’t all living creatures have certain rights?难道不是一切生物都具有某些权利吗?infect verb [ T ] UK /ɪnˈfekt/ US /ɪnˈfekt/
    infect verb [ T ] (DISEASE) C1 to pass a disease to a person, animal, or plant(疾病)传染,感染
    The ward was full of children infected with TB. 病房里住满了感染结核病的孩子。
    All the tomato plants are infected with a virus.所有的西红柿植株都染上了一种病毒。
    C2 If a place, wound, or substance is infected, it contains bacteria or other things that can cause disease.感染(地方,伤口或物体)
    The meat had been infected by E coli bacteria.肉被感染了大肠杆菌。
  5. home-grown bees. 本国产的。
  6. or even wipe them out. 消灭他们。
  7. bush; pollinate vt, 给… 传授花粉;
  8. export verb UK /ɪkˈspɔːt/ US /ˈek.spɔːrt/B2 [ I or T ] to send goods to another country for sale出口;输出
    French cheeses are exported to many different countries.
  9. this must have a devastating effect on native flora.devastating adjective UK /ˈdev.ə.steɪ.tɪŋ/ US /ˈdev.ə.steɪ.t̬ɪŋ/
    devastating adjective (VERY HARMFUL)C2 causing a lot of damage or destruction毁灭性的,破坏性极大的
    If the bomb had exploded in the main shopping area, it would have been devastating.如果炸弹在主要商业区爆炸,将会造成毁灭性的后果。The drought has had devastating consequences/effects.干旱造成了极其严重的后果。devastation noun [ U ] UK /ˌdev.əˈsteɪ.ʃən/ US /ˌdev.əˈsteɪ.ʃən/
    devastation noun [ U ] (DAMAGE)damage and destruction毁灭,极大的破坏
    If disease is allowed to spread, it will cause widespread devastation.如果疾病蔓延开来,将造成大范围的灾难性后果。The storm left behind it a trail of devastation.风暴过后留下一片狼藉。
  10. flora noun [ U ] UK /ˈflɔː.rə/ US /ˈflɔːr.ə/ specialized
    environment all the plants of a particular place or from a particular time in history(某一地点或时期的)植物群
    the flora of the Balearic Islands巴利阿里群岛的植物群. Stone Age flora石器时代植物群
  11. it may produce an allergic reaction in some people;  allergy Cn —- allergic adj.   allergy noun [ C ] UK /ˈæl.ə.dʒi/ US /ˈæl.ɚ.dʒi/变应性;过敏反应;过敏性an allergy to wheat对小麦过敏
  12. sting —- stung —- stung; (昆虫、植物或动物)叮,刺,蜇
  13. so the bee-eaters digest the meat from the inside;digest verb UK /daɪˈdʒest/ US /daɪˈdʒest/
    digest verb (EAT)C1 [ I or T ] to change food in your stomach into substances that your body can use(使)消化
    I find that I don’t digest meat easily.我发现自己不容易消化肉食。Sit still and allow your meal to digest.静静地坐着,让胃里的食物消化消化。
  14. feeding spots.
  15. pellet  noun [ C ] UK /ˈpel.ət/ US /ˈpel.ət/ a small hard ball or tube-shaped piece of any substance小硬球;小丸;颗粒状物
    iron/lead/wax/plastic/paper pellets铁/铅/蜡/塑料/纸丸
    food pellets食物颗粒
    the solid waste of particular animals(某些动物的)粪球粒
    rabbit/sheep pellets兔子/羊粪球
  16.  take them back to the laboratory;
  17. moisten; soften them;

L4

vocabulary:

  1. the ones who work in general practice. 那些在一般实践中工作的人。
  2. I want to talk about the rationale behind what I decided to do.rationale noun [ C or U ] UK /ˌræʃ.əˈnɑːl/ US /ˌræʃ.əˈnæl/ formal
    the reasons or intentions that cause a particular set of beliefs or actions根本原因;基本原理
    I don’t understand the rationale for these restrictions.我无法理解这些限制。He tried to explain the scientific rationale behind his work.他尝试解释他工作背后的科学原理。
  3. so I approached接近 postgraduates in my field in overseas departments.
  4. recruit verb [ T or I ] UK /rɪˈkruːt/ US /rɪˈkruːt/ C1 to persuade someone to work for a company or become a new member of an organization, especially the army招聘,吸收;(尤指军队)征募新兵
    Charities such as Oxfam are always trying to recruit volunteers to help in their work.诸如乐施会这样的慈善组织总是在尽力吸收志愿者来帮助他们工作。Even young boys are now being recruited into the army.就连很年轻的男孩子都被征召入伍了。Having slimmed to around 1,400 staff, the company is now recruiting again.an army recruiting centre/officer新兵征募中心/军官
    recruit noun [ C ] UK /rɪˈkruːt/ US /rɪˈkruːt/ C2 a new member of an organization, especially the army新成员,新来的人;(尤指)新兵
    Raw recruits (= completely new soldiers) were trained for six months and then sent to the war front. 刚入伍的新兵接受了6个月的训练后就被送往战争前线。
  5. men who were in employment.
  6. a separate investigation.
  7. to counteract the effect of this.  counteract VS denigration诋毁—-denigrate VS designation指定,委派—-designate VS resignation辞职 —- resign VS eradicate 消灭,根除.counteract verb [ T ] UK /ˌkaʊn.tərˈækt/ US /ˌkaʊn.t̬ɚˈækt/to reduce or remove the effect of something unwanted by producing an opposite effect抵消;对抗;减少
    Drinking a lot of water counteracts the dehydrating effects of hot weather.大量饮水可缓解炎热天气引起的脱水。designate verb [ T ] UK /ˈdez.ɪɡ.neɪt/ US /ˈdez.ɪɡ.neɪt/to choose someone officially to do a particular job指定,选定;委派
    Traditionally, the president designates his or her successor.按照传统,总统要选定其接班人。Thompson has been designated (as/to be) team captain.汤姆森被指定为队长。[ + to infinitive ] She has been designated to organize the meeting.她被派来组织这次会议。
    to say officially that a place or thing has a particular character or purpose指定,划定(特征、用途)
    This area of the park has been specially designated for children.公园的这个区域被划定为儿童活动区。They officially designated the area (as) unsuitable for human habitation.他们把这个地区正式划定为不适合人类居住的区域。
    designate adjective [ after noun ] UK /ˈdez.ɪɡ.nət/ /ˈdez.ɪɡ.neɪt/ US /ˈdez.ɪɡ.nət/ /ˈdez.ɪɡ.neɪt/(用于职务名称后)新选定的,新指定的,新任命的
    the Secretary General/Managing Director designate新任命的秘书长/总经理
  8. inexorable adjective UK /ɪˈnek.sər.ə.bəl/ US /ˌɪnˈek.sər.ə.bəl/ formal
    continuing without any possibility of being stopped不可阻拦的
    the inexorable progress of science不可阻挡的科学进步
  9. collate verb [ T ] UK /kəˈleɪt/ US /kəˈleɪt/formal to bring together different pieces of written information so that the similarities and differences can be seen对照,核对,校勘.       to collate data/information核对数据/信息.
    to collect and arrange the sheets of a report, book, etc., in the correct order检点,整理(印张);整理(报告、书等)
    The photocopier will collate the documents for you.复印机会为你整理文件顺序。
  10. anticipate verb [ T ] UK ​ /ænˈtɪs.ɪ.peɪt/ US ​ /ænˈtɪs.ə.peɪt/
    anticipate verb [ T ] (EXPECT)C1 to imagine or expect that something will happen预期,期望;预料
    We don’t anticipate any trouble.我们不希望出现任何问题。We had one or two difficulties along the way that we didn’t anticipate.在进行的过程中,我们遇到一两个没有预料到的难题。Are you anticipating a lot of people at the party tonight?你预计今晚的聚会会有很多人来吗?
  11. stuff /stʌf/ [U] 东西 VS staff UK  /stɑːf/ US  /stæf/ 全体员工 [C, usually singular]
  12. colleagues ~~~ to everyone in my own department.
  13. pull out 拔出,离开。 == stop participating.
  14. bizarre adjective UK ​ /bɪˈzɑːr/ US ​ /bəˈzɑːr/B2 very strange and unusual怪诞的;罕见的;异乎寻常的
    a bizarre situation异乎寻常的情形.   bizarre behaviour怪诞的行为. the most bizarre case is …
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